[89] KW&SB has the optimum capacity to treat up to 150 MGD of sewage, but uses only about 50 MGD of this capacity. Karachi is 1,720.51 mi (2,768.89 km) north of the equator, so it is located in the northern hemisphere. Karachi has the highest percentage of residents in Pakistan who report that their streets are never cleaned – 42% of residents in Karachi report their streets are never cleaned, compared to 10% of residents in Lahore. [131], Unable to provide housing to large numbers of refugees shortly after independence, Karachi's authorities first issued "slips" to refugees beginning in 1950 – Karachi has a fragmented system of civic government. Karachi is also home to the Pakistan Stock Exchange, which was rated as Asia's best performing stock market in 2015 on the heels of Pakistan's upgrade to emerging-market status by MSCI.[143]. Each Union Council had thirteen members elected from specified electorates: four men and two women elected directly by the general population; two men and two women elected by peasants and workers; one member for minority communities; two members are elected jointly as the Union Mayor (Nazim) and Deputy Union Mayor (Naib Nazim). North of the historic core is the largely middle-class district of Nazimabad, and upper-middle class North Nazimabad, which were developed in the 1950s. Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia,[25] the city was founded as the fortified village of Kolachi in 1729. Mcb Bank, Khayaban E Ittehad åbningstider i dag. [267], Households in Orangi self-organized to set-up their own sewerage system under the Orangi Pilot Project,[271] a community service organization founded in 1980. [169], Lower than expected population figures from the census suggest that Karachi's poor infrastructure, law and order situation, and weakened economy relative to other parts of Pakistan made the city less attractive to in-migration than previously thought. Hamdard University is the largest private university in Pakistan with faculties including Eastern Medicine, Medical, Engineering, Pharmacy, and Law. During the 1970s this merger was reversed and Karachi became a division in its own right, covering 3,528 km². The Goan community dates from 1820 and has a population estimated to be 12,000–15,000 strong. Within the city of Karachi are two small ranges: the Khasa Hills and Mulri Hills, which lie in the northwest and act as a barrier between North Nazimabad and Orangi. [178] Senator Taj Haider from the PPP claimed he had official documents revealing the city's population to be 25.6 million in 2013,[178] while the Sindh Bureau of Statistics, part of by the PPP-led provincial administration, estimated Karachi's 2016 population to be 19.1 million. The city has examples of modern Islamic architecture, including the Aga Khan University hospital, Masjid e Tooba, Faran Mosque, Bait-ul Mukarram Mosque, Quaid's Mausoleum, and the Textile Institute of Pakistan. To the west of Karachi lies the Indus River flood plain.[116]. The downtown districts of Saddar and Clifton contain early 20th-century architecture, ranging in style from the neo-classical KPT building to the Sindh High Court Building. I. I. Chundrigar Road features a range of extremely tall buildings. There are talks of it being taken away from this custody and being renovated and the Lodge being preserved with its original woodwork and ornate wooden staircase. [88] The New Town was subdivided into residential, commercial, and military areas. [264] The Karachi mayor since 2016 is Waseem Akhtar, with Arshad Hassan serving as Deputy Mayor; both serve as part of the KMC. [212][213][214] Sunnis primarily follow the Hanafi school of jurisprudence, with Sufism influencing religious practices by encouraging reverence for Sufi saints such as Abdullah Shah Ghazi and Mewa Shah. A fourth corridor that will link Karachi's centre to Karachi's Malir Town is currently under construction. [14][13] Karachi contributes the bulk of Sindh's gross domestic product. [204][205] Post-Partition Karachi also once had a sizable refugee community from post-revolutionary Iran. Syed Mustafa Kamal was elected City Nazim of Karachi to succeed Naimatullah Khan in 2005 elections, and Nasreen Jalil was elected as the City Naib Nazim. Located at the eastern edge of the Iranian Plateau, in south western Pakistan – Balochistan is the largest of the four provinces of Pakistan; occupying an area of 347,190 sq. [309], With 650 homicides in 2015, Karachi's homicide rate decreased by 75% compared to 2013. [34][13] Karachi collects more than a third of Pakistan's tax revenue,[35] and generates approximately 20% of Pakistan's GDP. [131], As of 2014[update], Karachi had an estimated GDP (PPP) of $114 billion. Pop. The city has been described as one divided into sections for those able to afford to live in planned localities with access to urban amenities, and those who live in unplanned communities with inadequate access to such services. Zaibunnisa Street in the Saddar area (known as Elphinstone Street in British days) is an example where the mercantile groups adopted the Italianate and Indo-Saracenic style to demonstrate their familiarity with Western culture and their own. [98] The city's population had tripled between 1941 and 1951. The city first developed around the Karachi Harbour, and owes much of its growth to its role as a seaport at the end of the 18th century,[126] contrasted with Pakistan's millennia-old cities such as Lahore, Multan, and Peshawar. [103] Between 1958 and 1970, Karachi's role as capital of Sindh was ceased due to the One Unit programme enacted by President Iskander Mirza. [299] The homicide rates in some Latin American cities such as Caracas, Venezuela and Acapulco, Mexico are in excess of 100 per 100,000 residents,[299] many times greater than Karachi's homicide rate. Area city, 228 square miles (591 square km); Greater Karachi, 560 square miles (1,450 square km). Following the independence of Pakistan, much of Karachi's Sindhi Hindu population left for India while Muslim refugees from India in turn settled in the city. [112], Urban planning and service delivery have not kept pace with Karachi's growth, resulting in the city's low ranking on livability rankings. [169] The figure is disputed by all the major political parties in Sindh. [174] Muhajirs form the bulk of Karachi's middle class. In 1553–54, Ottoman admiral Seydi Ali Reis, mentioned a small port along the Sindh coast by the name of Kaurashi which may have been Karachi. The city's population by 1961 had grown 369% compared to 1941. [89] 76% of Karachi households have access to piped water as of 2015[update],[267] with private water tankers supplying much of the water required in informal settlements. In 2016, the number of murders in Karachi had dropped to 471, which had dropped further to 381 in 2017. Karachi's highest recorded temperature is 47.8 °C (118.0 °F) which was recorded on 9 May 1938,[122] and the lowest is 0 °C (32 °F) recorded on 21 January 1934.[120]. [169], Political parties in the province have suggested the city's population has been underestimated in a deliberate attempt to undermine the political power of the city and province. [190][191][192][193][194] By some estimates, Karachi is home to the world's largest urban Pashtun population,[195] with more Pashtun citizens than the FATA. [148] The city is home to approximately 30 percent of Pakistan's manufacturing sector,[38] and produces approximately 42 percent of Pakistan's value added in large scale manufacturing. Afghanistan–Pakistan border. In July 2011, city district government of Karachi was reverted its original constituent units known as District Municipal Corporations (DMC). Nasirabad, Karachi Today. Nueplex Cinemas, [271] As a result of OPP, 96% of Orangi residents have access to a latrine. [271] Such informal settlements are known as katchi abadis, and now approximately half the city's residents live in these unplanned communities. Karachi was recognized for its strategic importance, prompting the British to establish the Port of Karachi in 1854. The Pakistan Navy Engineering College (PNEC), operated by the Pakistan Navy, is associated with the National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) in Islamabad. Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic sites have been excavated in the Mulri Hills along Karachi's northern outskirts. Known as the Father of Modern Karachi, mayor Seth Harchandrai Vishandas led the municipal government to improve sanitary conditions in the Old City, as well as major infrastructure works in the New Town after his election in 1911. All rooms have balconies and LED TVs. Situated on a coastal plain northwest of Karachi's historic core lies the sprawling district of Orangi. The city has been host to a number of domestic cricket teams including Karachi,[327] Karachi Blues,[328] Karachi Greens,[329] and Karachi Whites. [14][13] As of 2008[update], the city's gross domestic product (GDP) by purchasing power parity (PPP) was estimated at $78 billion with a projected average growth rate of 5.5 percent. Zamzama Mall is located in Phase V Zamzama Commercial Area less than 3 km away from DHA Phase IV, Karachi. [249] The City of Karachi Municipal Act of 1933 transformed the city administration into the Karachi Municipal Corporation with a mayor, a deputy mayor and 57 councillors. Marine terraces, sea caves and arches are common in the [59][60] No other natural harbor exists near the mouth of the Indus that could accommodate a large fleet. [282] According to TripAdvisor the city is also home to Pakistan's favorite shopping mall, Dolmen Mall, Clifton which was also featured on CNN[283] and the country's favorite entertainment complex, Port Grand. Parks: Parks located in Karachi include Bagh Ibne Qasim, Boat Basin Park, Mazar-e-Quaid, Karachi Zoo, Hill Park, Safari Park, Bagh-e-Jinnah, PAF Museum Park and Maritime Museum Park. [314], Insufficient affordable housing infrastructure to absorb growth has resulted in the city's diverse migrant populations being largely confined to ethnically homogenous neighbourhoods. [244][245], The largest shipping ports in Pakistan are the Port of Karachi and the nearby Port Qasim, the former being the oldest port of Pakistan. The Karachi City Station and Karachi Cantonment Railway Station are the city's two major railway stations. [26][27] The settlement drastically increased in importance with the arrival of British East India Company in the mid 19th century. [88], Sindh's capital was shifted from Hyderabad to Karachi in 1840 until 1843, when Karachi was annexed to the British Empire after Major General Charles James Napier captured the rest of Sindh following his victory against the Talpurs at the Battle of Miani. Karachi is Pakistan's financial and commercial capital. The match was seen by 5,000 Karachiites. [138] In 2018 The Global Metro Monitor Report ranked Karachi's economy as the best performing metropolitan economy in Pakistan. If you ride your car with an average speed of 112 kilometers/hour (70 miles/h), travel time will be 11 hours 33 minutes. The All Pakistan Music Conference, linked to the 45-year-old similar institution in Lahore, has been holding its annual music festival since its inception in 2004. Karachi's affluent and influential Parsis have lived in the region in the 12th century, though the modern community dates from the mid 19th century when they served as military contractors and commissariat agents to the British. 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