Studies at the University of Florida showed that hairy indigo can produce up to 12 tons of dry matter per acre that would contain about 20% crude protein and 50-60% digestibility. Winter legumes such as crimson clover, hairy vetch, and winter peas can provide high quality forage for grazing. Buckwheat should not be fed to horses as pasture, hay or haylage because it can cause photosensitization. Hairy vetch is a common cover crop that is not recommended as livestock forage. Hairy vetch is a desirable, nutritious forage and should continue to be used as such. Only rye, wheat, barley, triticale and red clover will reliably overwinter in Michigan. If a decision is made in late winter about grazing or haying a small grain cover crop that does not contain any legume, forage value may be increased by frostseeding a fast-growing legume such as crimson or red clover into the cover crop during late February or March. There are other types of vetch plants, but hairy vetch is most widely used in farming. Cool-season cover crops with strong forage histories include all of the small grains (rye, wheat, oats, barley and triticale), annual clovers (crimson, berseem and arrowleaf), red clover, brassicas (turnip, rape, kale, swede, fodder radish) and peas. Mineral mixes should include magnesium to help prevent grass tetany. In September, at Kimberly, hairy vetch RFQ ranged from 141 to 175 and chickling vetch had an RFQ of 128. Photosensitization can also occur in ruminants fed buckwheat forage, but is rare. Hairy vetch can also be grazed or harvested as forage. This problem is more likely to occur when mature vetch with seeds is consumed or when vetch comprises most of the pasture, and is less likely to occur with hay or haylage than with pasture containing vetch. Unable WinterKing hairy vetch can be seeded at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. Standard bloat precautions such as taking the edge off the appetite of hungry animals before turnout, acclimating animals to new pasture gradually over several days, offering a dry hay supplement or adding a bloat preventative to water sources should be taken. Hairy vetch is a hardy type of vetch suited to wetter soil and colder winters than other winter-active legumes. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. SmithSeed.com and these product sites. February 27, 2013. This has not been a problem when adequate grass was available. Any stage of hairy vetch growth is risky for grazing. Privacy Policy. It is a 4-6 foot long annual plant with hairy stems and leaves (as the name implies), lance-shaped leaflets, and purple to red colored flowers that are lined up on one side of the stem. Kansas producers have successfully used hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) as a forage for cattle grazing for years. Have a question? Cattle have been poisoned by grazing woolly pod and popany vetch (V benghalensis) and it has been reported in the literature as being associated with grazing Hairy Vetch in various countries. Cattle grazing pure stands of vetch have developed dermatitis (inflammation of the skin), similar to photosens- itization. As an annual legume, hairy vetch may need to be terminated either mechanically or chemically when followed by a row crop. For livestock producers, WinterKing’s late maturity means more vegetative high value feed longer into the spring season. ‘Americus’ hairy vetch produces an abundance of dry matter for soil enrichment and protection. It is most commonly used as grazing or hay production. Ideal seeding depth: ½–1½". Roll kill, selective or non-selective herbicide allows for no-till seeding into terminated stand. When planted the previous year, these winter annual cover crops can all be grazed beginning early in spring, and may provide several grazing rotations. However, in longer season environments Rasina can be lightly grazed successfully during winter and early spring provided the growing points are not damaged. Hairy Vetch performs best on well-drained soils and mild soil conditions. In the garden, hairy vetch cover crops are usually grown through the winter and plowed into the soil before spring planting. It produces most of its growth during autumn, winter and spring. Terminate before seed production to avoid hard seed However, small grains can be harvested at earlier maturities for better quality and less yield during a supply emergency. When harvested as hay, haylage or balage, recommended maturity stage is early milk for the optimum compromise of yield and forage quality in small grains. Join experts to discuss the latest in animal welfare issues that face the beef cattle industry. The conference is sponsored by the Michigan Forage Council, Michigan State University and Michigan State University Extension. However, cattle grazing vetch should be observed frequently. The plant has a large seed that allows seedlings to emerge through a thatch of three to four inches to reach sunlight. In order to expedite your request, we may send your inquiry directly to one of our distributors or industry experts. Agenda and registration details for the Michigan Forage Technology Conference are available online. I have not found much on the topic, only that cattle can die from eating it. The plant is sometimes planted in spring, especially in agricultural applications. Ideal seeding depth: ½–1½". When hairy vetch, common vetch, crimson clover, and Austrian winter pea were planted in a mixture with cereal rye, spring oats, or winter wheat, the cereal rye/hairy vetch mixture had 30 to 45 percent less residual inorganic soil nitrogen than legume-only plots. Hairy vetch is fairly tolerant of acid soils, but soils should be well drained. Villana hairy vetch is the ideal cover crop, livestock forage, and nitrogen fixing green manure crop. Vetch is grown in many areas of the country and makes a high-quality hay when grown alone or mixed with small grains. Thank you! This is beneficial for green manure as well as providing an extended high-protein source for grazing livestock throughout the full spring season. find a dealer? MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) is often used as a forage legume or cover crop throughout many temperate areas of the world, including the United States. It can also be used in grazing, although it is best used in a rotational grazing setup since it doesn't tolerate being grazed close to the ground very well. For example, if cereal rye and hairy vetch are planted in a mixture, the seeding rate of 50 lbs rye (50/65 = 77%) with 9 lb vetch (9/20 = 45%) would be 122%. Hairy vetch and winter peas have potential to be very useful additions to grazing mixtures. Some producers may find the late maturity of WinterKing reduces the potential for undesired seed propagation found in earlier maturing cover crop varieties. Alternately, magnesium can be added to water tanks. Hairy vetch is a winter annual legume and one of the most productive at nitrogen fixation. It grows slowly in the fall, but its roots grow throughout the winter and by spring, hairy vetch quickly grows into twelve-foot long vines. Hairy vetch can be grazed or harvested as a hay crop. This information is for educational purposes only. Grazing - Vetch is not suited to close grazing as its growing points are well above ground level. 'Americus’ Hairy Vetch In 1993 a late maturing hairy vetch called ‘Americus’ hairy vetch was released by Jimmy Carter PMC and the University of Georgia. Even in this trial, where much went wrong, legumes benefit from being pre-inoculated and coated. Want to Learn More? Hairy vetch prompts an allergic reaction with symptoms such as subcutaneous swelling, photosensitization, hair matting, skin sloughing, oral ulcers, cough, alopecia, weakness, loss of appetite, diarrhea, decreased milk production, sporadic abortions, red-tinged urine, and death. Many Michigan livestock producers are desperate to stretch forage supplies until spring green-up of pastures or the first cutting of hay. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. A PVP protected variety which began with selection work by Steve Groff in E. PA, WinterKing demonstrates improved winter hardiness, delayed flowering and the capacity to produce large amounts of high-nitrogen biomass. Those desiring high nitrogen-fixing legumes for green manure, forage grazing, wildlife and pollinator attractants should find WinterKing an improved option over other legumes that lack cold tolerance. For best results, plant 3-6 weeks prior to the average first killing frost. Livestock should be observed closely when first put on any lush spring pastures, including small grains, because frothy bloat and grass tetany are possible. Legumes (hairy and chickling vetch) resulted in good forage quality. Though a good stand of this winter annual legume alone can provide good cover, it also can make a good companion species to ryegrass and, in particular, small grains. A small grain hay crop may not be ready earlier than perennial hay crops, but it can add some security to a farm’s forage inventory or provide an extra source of sales income. Hairy Vetch does an excellent job in soil tilth in the top few inches in the soil, often creating the illusion of planting in a cloud due to the soil’s looseness. It has been A hairy vetch blend seems to be the ideal cover crop—good N2 fixation with the potential of lots of residue. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. However, it is not recommended for livestock because of its toxicity to cattle and horses. There are differences in varieties that can help direct their usage. Note: If you are inquiring about a purchase, please state how much you are wanting to purchase and when you plan on making your purchases. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. 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